Oskar Hansen: Open Form at Yale School go Architecture

Oskar Hansen: Open Form at Yale School go Architecture

1 September - 17 December

An exhibition highlighting the work of Oskar Hansen (1922-2005), architect, urban planner, and theorist, will open at the Yale School of Architecture (YSoA) on Sept. 1.

“Oskar Hansen: Open Form” traces the evolution of Hansen’s theory of Open Form from its origin in his own architectural projects to its application in film, visual games, and other artistic practices. The exhibition will be on view at YSoA through Dec. 17 in Paul Rudolph Hall, 180 York St. It is free and open to the public Monday-Friday 9 a.m.-5 p.m., and Saturday 10 a.m.-5 p.m.

Hansen was a member of Team 10, the architectural group that formed the first critical voice against the modernist orthodoxy of the Athens Charter and the followers of Le Corbusier. In his Open Form theory, Hansen proposed parting ways with the model of the all-knowing expert. His theory is aimed at the participation, process, and change of hierarchy between an artist and viewer, and embraces art-as-process, engaging the viewer, recipient, and user.

Hansen presented his Open Form theory at Team 10’s founding meeting — the International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM) in 1959 — and continued to develop it through projects on various scales: from exhibition designs, temporary pavilions, and housing estates, to his Linear Continuous System, a project to establish decentralized cities running throughout Poland and the European continent. Regardless of the scale to which it was applied, the Open Form theory was intended to develop strategies of indeterminacy, flexibility, and collective participation.

For Hansen the role of architect in shaping the space was limited to the creation of a “perceptive background.” The architecture was supposed to expose the diversity of events and individuals present in the space. By focusing on the process, subjectivity, and the creation of contexts for individual expression, Hansen believed, architecture became a tool that can be used and transformed by its users, and adapted easily to their changing needs. During Hansen’s tenure at the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts from 1952 to 1983, he passed on his theory of Open Form to generations of students, encouraging them to pursue art practices beyond traditional disciplines.

The exhibition is divided into seven sections that develop the idea of Open Form through the main areas to which Hansen applied it. The sections are intertwined so the way of visiting the show largely depends on the viewer, making the exhibition itself a kind of Open Form experience. “Architect as a Curator” addresses Hansen’s dual role as an architect and curator. “Politics of Scale” is dedicated to Hansen’s utopian and socialist approach to urban planning. “Counter-Monument” explores one of the first public discussions centering on the application of Open Form principles to memory, monument, and sculpture. “Architecture as Events” presents Hansen’s research in the field of cybernetics — liaisons of architecture and the media — as well as mobile architecture. “House as Open Form” explores — via a house and an apartment designed by Hansen and his wife, Zofia Hansen — a number of progressive architectural concepts developed during its construction. “Art and Didactics” looks at Hansen’s teaching methods during his tenure at Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts. In “Tradition of Open Form,” various approaches to the idea of Open Form are presented through the works of Grzegorz Kowalski, Artur Zmijewski, Paweł Althamer, KwieKulik, and Pawel Kwiek, among others.

Renowned architect Oskar Hansen is pictured here at the AICA congress in Wrocław in 1975. (Photo by S. Stępniewski, courtesy of Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts Museum)
Renowned architect Oskar Hansen is pictured here at the AICA congress in Wrocław in 1975. (Photo by S. Stępniewski, courtesy of Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts Museum)
Oskar Hansen, Lech Tomaszewski, Stanisław Zamecznik, Design for the Zachęta gallery extension, a model, 1958. (Courtesy of the Stanisław Zamecznik Archive, Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw)
Oskar Hansen, Lech Tomaszewski, Stanisław Zamecznik, Design for the Zachęta gallery extension, a model, 1958. (Courtesy of the Stanisław Zamecznik Archive, Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw)



Back

 


search

 

 

Quantcast



Archives

September 2017 (12)
August 2017 (18)
July 2017 (10)
June 2017 (12)
May 2017 (12)
April 2017 (15)
March 2017 (15)
February 2017 (22)
January 2017 (13)
December 2016 (9)
November 2016 (14)
October 2016 (11)
September 2016 (19)
August 2016 (13)
July 2016 (11)
June 2016 (16)
May 2016 (19)
April 2016 (17)
March 2016 (9)
February 2016 (15)
January 2016 (14)
December 2015 (7)
November 2015 (15)
October 2015 (12)
September 2015 (5)
August 2015 (12)
July 2015 (16)
June 2015 (9)
May 2015 (15)
April 2015 (11)
March 2015 (16)
February 2015 (14)
January 2015 (14)
December 2014 (13)
November 2014 (15)
October 2014 (18)
September 2014 (14)
August 2014 (10)
July 2014 (14)
June 2014 (13)
May 2014 (22)
April 2014 (12)
March 2014 (12)
February 2014 (16)
January 2014 (19)
December 2013 (14)
November 2013 (175)
October 2013 (17)
September 2013 (20)
August 2013 (15)
July 2013 (6)
June 2013 (14)
May 2013 (17)
April 2013 (17)
March 2013 (16)
February 2013 (14)
January 2013 (16)
December 2012 (8)
November 2012 (20)
October 2012 (22)
September 2012 (17)
August 2012 (17)
July 2012 (22)
June 2012 (13)
May 2012 (20)
April 2012 (16)
March 2012 (28)
February 2012 (15)
January 2012 (17)
December 2011 (34)
November 2011 (24)
October 2011 (14)
September 2011 (39)
August 2011 (39)
July 2011 (35)
June 2011 (22)
May 2011 (22)
April 2011 (23)
March 2011 (18)
February 2011 (20)
January 2011 (37)
December 2010 (40)
November 2010 (41)
October 2010 (31)
September 2010 (96)
August 2010 (36)
July 2010 (35)
June 2010 (83)
May 2010 (167)
April 2010 (42)
March 2010 (68)
February 2010 (40)
January 2010 (66)
December 2009 (60)
November 2009 (38)
October 2009 (69)
September 2009 (66)
August 2009 (49)
July 2009 (55)
June 2009 (55)
May 2009 (65)
April 2009 (55)
March 2009 (68)
February 2009 (54)
January 2009 (62)
December 2008 (51)
November 2008 (43)
October 2008 (72)
September 2008 (89)
August 2008 (56)
July 2008 (77)
June 2008 (67)
May 2008 (65)
April 2008 (26)
March 2008 (22)